A continuous fracture front tracking algorithm with multi layer tip elements (MuLTipEl) for a plane strain hydraulic fracture

August 5, 2022


The problem of a plane strain hydraulic fracture propagating in a layered formation is considered. Fracture toughness, in-situ stress, and leak-off coefficient are assumed to vary by layer, while the elastic properties are kept constant throughout the domain for simplicity. The purpose of this study is to develop a numerical algorithm based on a fixed mesh approach, which is capable to solve the above problem accurately using elements which can even be larger than the layer size. In order to do this, the concept of fictitious tip stress is first introduced for determining the fracture front location. In this technique, an additional stress is applied to the tip element with the purpose to suppress opening and to mimic width corresponding to the actual fracture front location. A theoretical basis for this concept has been established and it is further calibrated for piece-wise constant elements. Once the ability to track the crack front location is developed, the effect of layers is included by vary properties as a function of front location. Several numerical examples benchmarking the numerical solution, as well as highlighting capabilities of the algorithm to tackle multiple thin layers accurately are presented.

This paper was presented in the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 217 (2022) 110841
E.V. Dontsov

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